Portugal

Portugal Golden Visa Fund Option: The Complete Guide

Updated: 11 January 2022

Your Guide: Portugal Golden Visa Investment Fund

At Get Golden Visa, we worked with tens of families from all around the world, interested in obtaining a Portugal Golden Visa through the Portuguese investment fund. Contact us and talk to one of our experienced team members to help you with any and all your questions.

 


Portugal is a charming destination with a mild climate, rich cuisine, and hospitable people.  With its Golden Visa program, it also became a gateway to Europe for 10,254 investors and 17,221 dependent family members from all around the world – as of November 2021.

Although most of these families chose to invest in Portuguese real estate to obtain their residence permits, another investment method is gaining more and more popularity recently: Portugal Golden Visa Investment Funds.

In this article, we will take a closer look at the Portugal Golden Visa program’s €500,000 investment route in venture capital Portugal funds

What You Will Find in This Article

Overview of the Portugal Golden Visa Program

A Golden Visa is a residency visa issued in exchange for a qualifying investment made in Portugal.  The applicant needs to be a non-EU-EEA or Swiss citizen with a clean criminal record.

For a list of the qualifying investments, benefits, or requirements, you can visit our page on the
Portugal Golden Visa.

The Portuguese government initiated the program in October 2012.  As of 2021, the program helped attract more than €6 billion of foreign direct investment into the country.

What Is Portugal Golden Visa Investment Fund?

The investment fund route for the Portugal Golden Visa was introduced through an amendment in Portuguese Law no. 102/2017, of August 28th, 2017.  The corresponding part of the law reads:

“Capital transfer of the amount of €350,000 or higher, for the acquisition of units of investment funds or venture capital Portugal fund of funds dedicated to the capitalization of companies, capital injected under the Portuguese legislation, whose maturity, at the moment of the investment, is, at least, of five years and, at least, 60% of the investments are realized in commercial companies with head office in national territory(1)”.

Note that the amount was raised to €500,000 on the 1st January, 2022.

Who Can Invest in Golden Visa Portugal Investment Fund?

In order to apply to the Portugal Golden Visa program through the investment fund Portugal, the applicant primarily needs to qualify for a Golden Visa.  Thus he or she needs to;

  • Be a non-EU-EEA citizen and a non-Swiss citizen,
  • Have a clean criminal record,

Depending on the fund and the fund management company, the investment funds may bring additional requirements to the applicants.  These typically include the investor to:

  • Be a savvy investor, meaning the investor needs to have experience with some kind of financial instrument such as company stock, government bond, company bond, fund, etc.
  • Provide proof of sufficient funds,
  • Provide the source of funds

Americans: Can a US Citizen Invest in a Portuguese Golden Visa Investment Fund ?
Yes, a US citizen can invest in an investment fund in order to obtain a Golden Visa in Portugal.  

However, the IRS requires foreign financial institutions and certain non-financial foreign entities to report on the foreign assets held by their U.S. account holders.  This means any bank, fund, and fund manager in Portugal, who has an American client or investor, is required to abide by heavy compliance implemented by the U.S. government. 

This leads some banks and funds to shy away from working with investors, who are US citizens.  Regardless, there are banks and Portugal fund, who accept Americans. 

Feel free to contact us to learn more about these funds.

Advantages of Portuguese Golden Visa Investment Fund

The investment fund Portugal route of the Portuguese Golden Visa program has certain advantages that other investment routes lack.  Below, you may find a comprehensive table of these benefits;

Benefits of Getting a Portugal Golden Visa Through Investing in an Investment Fun
Low Investment  Compared to other investment routes for the Portuguese Golden Visa program, such as the capital transfer (€1.5 million) the investment fund option requires a lower investment amount of €500,000
Low Fees and Taxes Investing in investment funds does not lead to hefty fees, and taxes like the real estate acquisition does.  Acquiring a property in Portugal comes with an IMI transfer tax (avg 6%), stamp duty (0.8%), and annual municipal taxes (between 0.3-0.5% annually); an investment in a fund has none of these taxes.
Secure Investment A registered Portugal fund is regulated by (1) the Portuguese Securities Market Commission (CMVM), (2) the Bank of Portugal, and (3) the external Fund Management company.  Additionally, (4) the Portuguese Tax Authorities also audit the fund.  Such high levels of regulation ensure that the fund complies with the Portuguese legislation, tax laws, and the proposed investment plan approved by the Portugal investor fund.
Tax-Efficiency Depending on the tax structure of the fund and the investor, an investment in a fund may yield significant tax efficiencies.  Certain cases allow for exemption of withholding tax on the income generated by the fund, particularly if the investors are not tax residents in Portugal. Conversely, all real estate rental income is subject to a fixed 28% taxation in Portugal.
Diversification The Portuguese legislation governs the funds to obtain a certain level of diversification.  There are quotas as to what percentage a particular asset or investment in the fund may constitute of the total fund portfolio.  This allows for diversification of investments within the fund, and an alleviation of risk for the participating investors.
Potential Earnings Depending on the focus of the fund, the annual yields and the eventual capital appreciation may be significantly higher than other investment options related to the Golden Visa program.
Management Delegation Unlike being a real estate landlord, owning a participation unit in an investment fund is a hassle-free investment.  The burden of management is delegated to the fund managers.  This exact point may also be a turn-off to the control-loving investor types.  So, we included it in the next section on Disadvantages.

Disadvantages of Portugal Golden Visa Fund

Every rose has its thorn. Portuguese Golden Visa investment fund also comes with its own downsides, which you can find listed below;

Downsides of Getting a Portugal Golden Visa Through Investing in an Investment Fund
Lack of Control  Unlike a real estate property or a capital held within a bank, the investment fund requires the investor to trust his or her funds with an external fund manager, who will oversee the investment decisions and steer the strategy.  Such a lack of control may not be suitable for some investors.
Exit Most funds contractually ensure the participants that the fund will not be dissolved before a minimum number of years.  This is to make sure that the participant can achieve the point where he or she is able to apply for permanent residency or citizenship in Portugal.  However, there are three underlying issues; In most cases, resale of the participation unit is very difficult before the fund dissolves,  Funds typically have extension periods, which can only be triggered by the fund management, with the participant having no say in these extensions,  If the ultimate objective of the fund is to sell the portfolio at a target appreciation, there is no guarantee of what stage the corresponding market will be when the fund decides to sell the portfolio. 
Sharing the Earnings Both the potential yield and the ultimate capital appreciation are shared with the fund managers.  The management fee and the performance fee vary between funds.
KYC Burden Participating in an investfund requires the participant to share a number of documents and critical information with the fund managers.  These include the proof of income and the source of income.  Such Know-Your-Client (KYC) burden does not exist in real estate acquisitions. 


We’ve also prepared the below chart to show you a comparison of of investment funds to other investment options.

 

 
As of January 1st 2022
Portugal Golden Visa Fund €500,000
Real Estate Investment* €500,000
Real Estate (Urban Rehabilitation)* €350,000
Set up a Company and Create 10 Job Positions Project dependent
Invest in Portuguese Research & Development €350,000
Donate to Portuguese Cultural Heritage €250,000
Capital Transfer  €1,5 million

*No longer applicable for residential properties in Lisbon, Porto, and coastal towns of the mainland.


Portugal Investment Fund Golden Visa: Fees

  Real Estate Property Capital Transfer Investment Fund
Minimum Investment €350,000 €500,000 €1.5 million €500,000
Taxes        
    IMI Transfer Tax 4.58% 6.5% 0% 0%
    Stamp Duty 0.8% 0.8% 0% 0%
    Notary Cost €1,000 €1,000 0% 0%
Exit Fees 5%+VAT 5%+VAT 0% 0%
    Commission 5%+VAT 5%+VAT 0% 0%
    Performance Fee 0% 0% 0% 35% of the profit*
Management Fees 0% 0% 0.5% 1.5% annually**
Legal Fees*** varies varies varies varies
Total
(approximate without Exit Fees, Management Fee, or Legal Fee taken into account)
€369,840 €537,500 €1.5 million €500,000

* Varies on the fund, it is typical for the performance fee to be between 20%-50% above a hurdle on the profit.
** Varies on the fund, it is typical for the annual management fee to be between 1%-2% of the invested amount.
*** Legal fees vary widely between law firms, the number of family members, and other variables; it would not greatly differ between different investment routes.
The government fees for the Portugal Golden Visa are not portrayed in the above table. You may find a detailed list of the application fees here.

Please read our Portugal Golden Visa Cost Comparison: Investment Fund VS Real Estate guide for further information.


 

If you’re interested in Portugal Golden Visa Fund, contact us today. Our local team will help you to select the fund based on your needs. 

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    The Exit

    As stated in the above advantages of Portugal Golden Visa investment fund and disadvantages of Portugal Golden Visa fund list, the exit of an investment fund is an issue worth delving deeper into.

    Minimum Lock-up Period

    Most Golden Visa qualifying investment funds will contractually make sure that they do not dissolve within a minimum of six years.  This practically ensures the participating Golden Visa investor that his or her investment will be valid for the necessary time period to apply for his or her Portuguese citizenship.

    This is a collaborative approach, and it is something to look for in the investment fund for the Golden Visa path.  Though, it does not end there.  It is also important to assess and question the following aspects.

    Resale or Transfer of Participation Units

    Most funds allow for the participation units to be transferred or sold between participants.  However, it is typically difficult to find a demand for a participation unit in a fund, which is timed particularly for Golden Visa timelines, unless it is at the very formation of the fund.  

    This makes these fund investments rather illiquid until the fund manager dissolves the fund.  Some funds get around this issue by offering a buy-back of their participation units at a certain discount. 

    Extension Periods

    It is common for funds to have a particular exit target in terms of timing.

    Many of Portugal Golden Visa investment fund sets it at six years.

    Having said that, the majority of the funds have optional extension periods, which may be triggered at the six-year mark.  The optionality is decided by the fund managers, not the investors.  This means that the investor may be locked in further than the time required to apply for citizenship in Portugal.  It is best to check with the fund.

    Exit Market

    The ultimate objective of most of these funds is to exit the portfolio by selling it at a profit eventually.  Most fund managers are highly incentivized with a performance fee based on a percentage of the appreciation in value.  This is a good thing as it means their incentive is aligned with that of the investors.

    However, mind you, they are splitting your profit, but not your potential loss.  So, the downside risk is all on you.

    Golden Visa Investment Fund Portugal : Documents and Requirements

    The documentation required to apply for the Portugal Golden Visa through an investment in a fund is pretty much the same as the documentation needed for any Golden Visa application in Portugal.

    Documents and general requirements:

    • Passport or other government-issued identification,
    • Evidence of the healthcare coverage for the Applicant: 
      • Document proving coverage by the Portuguese National Health Service, or 
      • Document proving coverage by an internationally recognized health insurance,

    • Criminal Record of the applicant by the country of origin or residence;
      • Issued up to three months before the application submission, and
      • Translated into Portuguese,
    • Tax identification number of the applicant by the country of origin or tax residence, 
    • Filled out Application Form stating authorization for consultation of the Criminal Record in Portugal,
    • Letter of Statement by which the Applicant declares to comply with the minimum time requirements for the corresponding investment activity in Portugal, 
    • Payment receipt for the ARI application fee. 

    The applicant needs to present supporting documents to present that an investment of the minimum amount is made individually through him or her.  The supporting documents include:

    • Declaration from a registered Portuguese institution, stating that a transfer of an amount fulfilling the minimum investment requirement is made effectively,
    • Supporting document stating the ownership of the participation units by the applicant, free from any obligations or charges,
    • A declaration issued by the managing company of the investment fund, stating the business plan, maturity dates – of at least five years, and deployment of at least 60 percent of the fund portfolio being invested in Portugal.

    Timeline

    How long the Golden Visa process takes really depends on a multitude of factors.  These factors include how fast your decision-making process is, how quickly you get the required documents together, as well as the experience of your law firm, the application load in the SEF office when you submit your application.

    Below is a step-by-step process of the Portuguese Golden Visa program through a Portuguese investment fund:

    Step 1: You choose an appropriate Portugal investment fund option

    Step 2: You appoint a law firm

    Step 3: You get tax identity number (NIF) and open a bank account in Portugal

    Step 4: You sign and complete all necessary fund subscription documents

    Step 5: Fund manager evaluates and approves you as an investor

    Step 6: You transfer the necessary funds from your bank account to the fund account

    Step 7: Fund manager issues fund subscription declaration

    Step 8: You provide all GV documentation to the law firm & pay SEF application fee

    Step 9: SEF Biometrics Appointment is set and you show up at SEF in person

    Step 10: SEF issues the residence permit valid initially for two years

    Step 11: Golden Visa residence permits are renewed every two years, and you continue on the path to Portuguese citizenship.

     

    Portugal golden visa fund

    Conclusion: Is the Portugal Investment Fund Golden Visa Right for You?

    There are many factors to take into effect in assessing, which is the right fund for a particular investor.  As all the funds will be incentivized to push their own product, we highly recommend working with an independent advisor that will represent you in the process.

    Get Golden Visa: Who We Are And How We Can Help You

    Get Golden Visa is a bespoke investment advisory firm. We help people get an additional residency and citizenship by making a qualifying investment through property acquisition, fund subscription, or other investment vehicles. With our team of legal professionals in Lisbon and Porto offices, we offer our clients a tailor-made and transparent journey in their quest for Portugal Golden Visa through real estate acquisition and investment funds.

    Contact us and talk to one of our experienced team members to help you with any and all your questions.

    Frequently Asked Questions on Golden Visa Investment Fund Portugal

    What is the difference between venture capital Portugal and Portugal private equity?

    The fundamental distinction is that, whereas Portugal private equity fund is based on solid businesses, Portugal venture capital fund is typically invested in startups.

    What is Golden Visa Portugal investment fund?

    Golden Visa investment fund Portugal is an investment method that allows investors to invest in Portugal to qualify for Portugal Golden Visa. If you make an investment of €500,000 into the funds, you can qualify for Portugal Golden Visa.

    Can I make an investment in different funds?

    Yes, you can do diversification with Golden Visa Portugal investment fund and invest in different funds.

    What is the minimum amount I can invest in Golden visa investment fund Portugal?

    The minimum investment amount is €500,000 as of January 1st, 2022.

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